Pay & Make

Explore Tuition of Higher Education (1).gif





Data Classification

Visual Exploration


D3.JS / Excel


R Studio

As a student who went both graduate and undergraduate school in the USA, since Trump planned to stop providing visas to international students who take online classes, and force universities to reopen, I started to think about the severe challenging that higher education is facing. In the cultures of many countries, many people firmly believe that Education Changes Destiny. However, in recent decades, higher education has gradually become an important industry in some countries. Does high education as the same as it used to be? This is a question worth to think.

My dataset is based on Jesse Mostipak and reorganized in my own way, combined with the reports and articles from Abigail Hess, AZack Friedman, and Reuters Business News (reporting by Heather Timmons and Mimi Dwyer; Editing by Mary Milliken and Aurora Ellis).




First, I try to visualize based on the state but soon find out my data set is not big enough. Many states only have 1 or 2 Universities on the list, the result might be biased.

In order to ensure fairness, it is a better choice to compare the data of each university separately. There is a total of 725 universities on my list, 451 private, and 379 public. It is convincing to compare public and private universities. I also want to add a comparison between in-state and out of state tuition.





However, it is a little bit hard to be understood. Therefore, I removed the in state tuition from the design and save it for later. My main goal in this design is to show the gap in salary and tuition fees between universities, as well as the gap between private and public universities. To add interest and legibility, while reducing complexity, I added buttons to allow readers to filter the data according to their interests.

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Readers can also compare the average number of public schools and private schools to explore more.

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1. In general, private universities are more expensive than public universities.
2. In most cases, the more you pay for university tuition, the higher your salary will be.
4. There is a significate difference between public and private universities in average early career salary, mid-career salary.

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I create extra visual to show the tuition difference between in state and out state. It also related to the contribution of international students, since none state residence pays almost 100 % more than in state citizens.


Who are the families in the society that have enough financial strength to pay for tuition?

International students in the United States often pay more to attend school than local students, including paying “out-of-state” tuition at publicly-funded state schools and additional charges aimed at overseas entrants. Many students attending state universities in this state are beneficiaries of these allowances. They only need to pay half of the tuition.  Big schools that are household names are likely to have a long waiting list of possible enrollees, available to take the place of any international student, said Terry Hartle, senior vice president of government and public affairs for the American Council on Education, which represents schools in Washington, DC. 

The average student loan in 2019 is 32731$. Although the salary seems to be optimistic. In reality, it will take closer to 20 YEARS to pay back the student loan. International students as strong tuition contributors also need to rethink the value of high education.


1.The role of money and capital in higher education.

2. Students make rational decisions when choosing a university.

3. The impact of majors on the value of the diploma.